Administering Drupal 8 Website

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Administering Drupal 8 Website
Lukasz Sokolowski (NobleProg Ltd)

Administering Drupal 8 Website          Lukasz Sokolowski (NobleProg Ltd)

Administering Drupal 8 Website Training Materials

Intro ⌘

  • What is Drupal?
  • The Building Blocks of Drupal
  • Choosing and managing your themes
  • Choosing and managing your modules
  • Managing your content
  • Ordering your content
  • Managing your users
  • Troubleshooting Drupal

What is Drupal ⌘

  • Community
  • Software
    • CMS
    • Framework for other project
      • e-commerce
      • social networks
      • portals
      • media portals
      • LMS, CRM, ERP, etc...

Drupal Sandbox ⌘

Building Blocks ⌘


  • Modules
  • Themes
  • Distributions


  • User Accounts settings
  • User Profiles
  • Roles and Permissions


  • Entities
  • Nodes (Fields, Revisions, Comments, Workflows)
  • Files (Images)
  • Taxonomy (Vocabularies and Terms)


  • Blocks
  • Menus
  • Input Filters
  • Views
  • Forms

Extensions ⌘

Themes, Profiles (Distributions) and Modules are also known as Extensions.


A Distribution contains:

  • Drupal core
  • Contributed modules
  • Themes
  • Pre-defined configuration


  • Bear (an alternative to the Minimal or Standard profiles)
  • Varbase (good starterkit)
  • Open Social (social communities and intranets)
  • Commerce Kickstart (e-commerce,
  • ELMS (e-Learning Management System)


Finding Admin Settings ⌘

  1. go to admin/index
  2. use ctrl+f (search option in the browser) to find the option you need

Modules ⌘

"Extend and customize Drupal functionality"

  • Contributed Modules are developed by Drupal community
  • Custom Modules are not published to third parties
  • Core Modules are provided by the Drupal Core
During this course we focus on the Core Modules
Some modules are much bigger and more complex than the core!

Modules Versions ⌘

  • Important when you are looking for Documentation and Help
  • Security Upgrades

Modules Support ⌘

  • Issues
  • Statistics
  • Documentation

Useful core modules ⌘

  • Book
  • Actions
  • Forum
  • Aggregator
  • Translation-related

Exercise 1 ⌘

Installing modules
- Translate the website into another language (core module 'Language')
- Create simple blog (contributed 'Blog' module)

Themes ⌘

"Allow you to change the look and feel of your Drupal site."

  • Contributed Themes
  • Custom Themes
  • Sub-themes
  • Blocks configuration can change when you change your theme
  • Administration Theme
  • You can allow users to change your theme

Theme Configuration ⌘

  • admin/appearance/settings
  • Customizing colours (color module)
  • Configurations depends on the theme

Exercise 2 ⌘

Installing themes
- Choose and install a suitable Drupal theme
- Set your admin theme to Bartik

Content ⌘

  • Entities
  • Nodes
  • Files
  • Taxonomy

Entities ⌘

  • Entity types in core
    • Configuration Entity
      • Used by the Configuration System
      • Supports translations and can provide custom defaults for installations
    • Content Entity
      • Consist of configurable and base fields
      • Can have revisions and support translations
  • Bundles (sub-types)
    • Configuration Entities that enhance a Content Entity
    • Their configuration stores the differences between the content entity types, such as settings and fields

Entities Con't ⌘

Entity Structure Examples

Content Entity Types:

  • Node
    • Node Bundle (Content Type):
      • Basic page
  • Taxonomy
    • Taxonomy Bundle (Vocabulary):
      • Tags
  • Blocks
    • Custom Block Bundle (Custom Block Type):
      • My Block Type

Configuration Entity Types:

  • Custom Block types
    • View
    • Menu
    • Role

Nodes ⌘

  • Structure/Content types (admin/structure/types)
  • Content vs Content Types
  • Node can mean either, though Node Type is used as well
  • Each Content type can differ
    • Fields
    • Workflow
    • Permission
    • Autopath and Menu options, etc...

Fields ⌘

  • Field Type vs Field Widget
  • Common types are Text, Number, Date, Email, Location, etc...
  • Visibility in Teaser (Summary) and Full Node

Exercise 3 ⌘

Creating content
- Create two or three content pages (use the default content type Basic Page)
- Create one Article, related to your company

Revisions ⌘

  • Create new revision by default
  • Log message
  • Reverting
  • Diff Module*

Exercise 4 ⌘

Time vehicle
- Edit existing basic page and add new line of text in the Body field
- Change it again and add another line, same field
- Revert it to the very first version
- Compare version 2 and 3 (diff)

Comments ⌘

  • Moderation
  • Status

Exercise 5 ⌘

Creating comments
- Allow all users to comment basic pages
- Comment one of them
- Answer to that comment

Workflows ⌘

  • Unpublished means visible to the author and administrators/moderators
  • Content can be unpublished by default
  • Content Moderation (Still experimental part of the core)

Files ⌘

  • Uploading

Images ⌘

  • Images can be handled via WYSIWYG or Image Field
  • Configuration/Media/Image Styles (admin/config/media/image-styles)
  • Assign a style to Display settings in a content type

Exercise 6 ⌘

Content types
- Create your own content type, related to your company
-- add at least 2 new fields, with different type of field
-- add some pictures to your pages (use proper field type)
-- make it appear-able in menus: Tools, Footer 
-- should be unpublished by default, added to the front page and sticky

Taxonomy ⌘

  • Vocabularies and Terms
  • HS, Taxonomy Menu*

Exercise 7 ⌘

Playing with categories
- Create new vocabulary related to your own content type
-- Add some terms (at least 3)
- Create new post and apply some taxonomy

Users ⌘

  • User Accounts settings (admin/config/people)
    • Email Templates
    • Fields
    • Profile2*
  • Roles and Permissions
    • Creating Roles
    • Granting Permission

Exercise 8 ⌘

Handling users
- Create a role for only 'Basic Page' editor and assign all necessary permissions
- Set permissions so only authenticated users can comment and create your content type


Blocks ⌘

  • Structure/Blocks (admin/structure/block)
  • Blocks are part of the structure NOT content
    • No search
    • No revisions
    • No workflow (publish/unpublish)
    • No authorship information
    • No fine-grained permission for editing blocks
    • No index support (search)

Exercise 9 ⌘

- Position some blocks in your theme
- Set which pages certain blocks should appear upon

Menus ⌘

  • Structure/Menus
  • Menu vs Menu Item
  • Create when editing the content
  • Primary/Secondary Menu
  • Two menu items to the same content

Exercise 10 ⌘

- Build a menu for your website
- Add your own type nodes to the menu (you can do this by editing the nodes too)

Text Formats (Input Filters) ⌘

  • Configuration/Content Authoring/Text Formats (admin/config/content/formats)
  • Text Formats allow to filter and transform text when saving and viewing a field
  • Keep it Simple
  • Rules can overlap with WYSIWYG

Display modes ⌘

Content, Custom block, Comment, Taxonomy term, User - they can have:

  • Form modes
  • View modes

Contact forms ⌘

Simple default forms to serve the feedback for the site, etc

Views ⌘

  • Provides a back end to fetch information from the database
    • content, user accounts, taxonomy terms, and other entities
  • Can present it to the user as filtered
    • a grid, HTML list, table, unformatted list, etc.
  • Use cases
    • Adding functionality to administrative pages
    • Expanding functionality via contributed projects
    • Improving table accessibility
    • Working with multilingual views

Exercise 11 ⌘

- Create new view with nodes only from your own content type
-- allow users to filter it via one of the fields

Admin Tasks ⌘

  • Configuring Search
  • Cron
  • Customizing Error Messages
  • Maintenance(site offline)
  • URL Aliases
  • Reporting
  • Configuration management

Exercise 12 ⌘

URL Aliases
- Make your url aliases to work auto-magically (contributed module 'pathauto')

Additional Exercises


1. Install 'book' module and create simple wiki about your company
- create one book with at least 3 pages 

2. Make your website a little bit smarter/automatic
- it should send email to you, each time when the basic page will be created (actions, rules)


1. Add Mayo theme and play with it's many configuration options
- chose color set 'Tricolor'
- change font family to 'Verdana, geneva..'
- make default fonts bigger (18px)
- provide rounded corners to frames (blocks and content)
- add font resizing controls to the header


1. New content type
- Install the Field group module
- Create a content type called Booking
- Add two fields, From and To, of type Date
- Create group of newly added fields called Dates

2. Create relationship between 2 content types 
- make them both link-able


1. Block
- Create your own Custom Block Type (My Block Type)
- Create block using this type and place it in Footer

2. Menu
- make your Main menu nicer (

3. Taxonomy
- Create 2 taxonomies with relation between them
- Apply it to the basic pages

- Create view with Basic Pages and some data from related Articles (make a content reference)